Guide The Cambridge History of Southeast Asia: Volume 1, From Early Times to c.1800

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The Cambridge History of Southeast Asia: Volume One, Part One, from Early Times 2, Part 1: From c to the s by Nicholas Tarling Paperback $ . In this first of four volumes, Southeast Asia from prehistoric times to about A.D.
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Who were the Indigenous Inhabitants of Southeast Asia before the Austronesians?

Seshat is using semantic technologies to create an interconnected knowledge graph describing large-scale human social evolution. We have to organize lots of data. Dahm, Bernhard. Sukarno and the struggle for Indonesian independence. New York: Cornell University Press. Erikson, Emily.

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Between monopoly and free trade: the English East India company, New Jersey: Princeton University Press. Mapping the Acehnese past. Freeman, Donald B. Straits of Malacca: gateway or gauntlet?. Tsunami Disaster Diplomacy in Aceh, Indonesia. Hilali, Agha Z.

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Hillman, Ben. The Achehnese. Leiden: Brill. Ito, Takeshi. Aceh sultanate: state, society, religion and trade 2 vols. Kathirithamby-Wells, J. The syair mukomuko: some historical aspects of a nineteenth century Sumatran court chronicle. Kingsbury, Damien. Peace in Aceh: a personal account of the Helsinki peace process.

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United Kingdom: Equinox Publishing. Leuprecht, P. Reason, justice and dignity: a journey to some unexplored sources of human rights. Leiden: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers. Lindblad, J Thomas. Lombard, Denys and Winarsih Arifin. Kerajaan aceh: zaman sultan Iskandar Muda, Jakarta: Kepustakaan Populer Gramedia. Maddison, Angus. Markley, Robert. McGibbon, Rodd. Special Series: McKinnon, E Edwards. Means, Gordon Paul. Political islam in Southeast Asia. United States: Lynne Rienner Publishers. Merriam, Sharan B. Qualitative research and case study applications in education, revised and expanded from: case study research in education.

North Carolina: Information Age Publishing. Miller, Michelle Ann. Natawidjaja, Danny Hilman. Nazara, Suahasil and Budy P Resosudarmo. Liza, Ireni Saban. Penders, Christian Lambert Maria. United States: University of Hawaii Press.

The Cambridge History of Southeast Asia: Volume 1, From Early Times to c - Google Books

Perret, Daniel. Qodir, Zuly. Reid, Anthony. Islamization and christianization in Southeast Asia: the critical phase, Southeast Asia in the early modern era: trade, power, and belief. United State: Cornell University Press. United Kingdom: Oxford University Press. An Indonesian frontier: Acehnese and other histories of Sumatra. Singapore: National University of Singapore Press. Aceh and the Turkish connection, Aceh: history, politics, and culture. Singapore:Institute of Southeast Asian Studies: This trend is demonstrated in Table 4 , which shows the geographical composition of commodity exports and imports in Java and Madura.

First, without a question, growth of trade with the Netherlands was remarkable. In the export trade, the absolute value increased more than four times between and , with the share reaching around 70 percent.

The second important point in Table 4 concerns trade with the Eastern Archipelago insular Southeast Asia except for Manila. Certainly, the shares declined in both export and import trade. However, the absolute values increased greatly, from 3,, guilders in to 8,, guilders in in the case of export trade and from 3,, guilders in to 7,, guilders in in the import trade. The growth rates in trade with the Eastern Archipelago were much higher than those in trade with other parts of Asia, as analyzed later. By and large, trade with insular Southeast Asia increased in absolute terms while experiencing a comparative decline.

Between and , the share of export trade decreased from 17 percent to 3. In the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, the VOC in Batavia was very good at handling this type of intra-Asian trade. However, it should be not that the absolute value of exports declined only slightly from 2,, guilders in to 2,, guilders in , and in the case of import trade, the value rose from 1,, guilders to 1,, guilders.

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The decline was of a comparative nature. Finally, the coastal trade of Java in the second quarter of the nineteenth century will be examined by consulting a shipping record of the port of Batavia. As mentioned earlier, published customs records refer to the aggregated statistics of total international trade in the ports in Java and Madura; they do not contain any information on coastal trade between the ports in Java and Madura. Moreover, published customs records do not have any trade data for specific ports. Even in the case of the port of Batavia, we do not have any information on total shipping numbers or any data from published sources about maritime trade.

On the other hand, the National Archives of the Republic of Indonesia preserves highly valuable manuscript sources, which provide all the arrival and departure shipping data. Following is an analysis of the data for the year , mainly using the above-mentioned record. Since its establishment in the early seventeenth century, Batavia was a multiethnic colonial city. For example, in , Batavia including the suburban area, or ommelanden had , inhabitants. Among them were only 3, European citizens, including mestizo this ethnic category covers Christians and Jews.

Indigenous people such as the Javanese, Sundanese, Bugis, and Malays amounted to ,, while there were 34, Chinese, Arabs and Moren Muslims of Indian origin , and 2, slaves.